<address id="nnpxl"><listing id="nnpxl"><menuitem id="nnpxl"></menuitem></listing></address>
<address id="nnpxl"><listing id="nnpxl"><menuitem id="nnpxl"></menuitem></listing></address>
<noframes id="nnpxl"><listing id="nnpxl"></listing>

<noframes id="nnpxl"><address id="nnpxl"></address><address id="nnpxl"></address>
<noframes id="nnpxl">
    <noframes id="nnpxl">
    <form id="nnpxl"></form>

        <sub id="nnpxl"></sub>

          胡雪巖:紅頂商人、徽商代表人物胡雪巖是怎么破產的?

          發布時間:2017-07-25 編輯:管理員 瀏覽:
          導語:胡雪巖:紅頂商人、徽商代表人物胡雪巖是怎么破產的? 胡雪巖(1823-1885),本名胡光墉,幼名順官,字雪巖,出生于安徽徽州績溪,13歲起便移居杭州。中國近代著名紅頂商人,政治家,徽……
          胡雪巖:紅頂商人、徽商代表人物胡雪巖是怎么破產的?

          胡雪巖:紅頂商人、徽商代表人物胡雪巖是怎么破產的?
           
          胡雪巖(1823-1885),本名胡光墉,幼名順官,字雪巖,出生于安徽徽州績溪,13歲起便移居杭州。中國近代著名紅頂商人,政治家,徽商代表人物。清咸豐十一年(1861年),太平軍攻杭州時,胡雪巖從上海運軍火、糧米接濟清軍而為左宗棠賞識,后來又幫助左宗棠組織“常捷軍”、創辦福州船政局。左宗棠西征平叛阿古柏時,為他主持上海采運局局務,在上海代借外款5次,高達1195萬兩,采供軍餉、訂購軍火,并做情報工作,常將上海中外各界重要消息報告左宗棠。備受歡迎時,官居二品,賞穿黃馬褂。
           
          胡雪巖破產于1883年12月初,原因幾乎已眾口一詞:即胡敗于與洋人競爭的蠶絲貿易戰。晚清陳代卿所著《慎節齋文存》說:胡雪巖“每歲將出絲各路于未繅時全定,洋人非與胡買不得一絲,恨甚。乃相約一年不買絲。胡積絲如山無售處,折耗至六百余萬金。” 

          胡雪巖:紅頂商人、徽商代表人物胡雪巖是怎么破產的?
           
          然而,筆者近日獲得一封居滬洋人白爾辣寫給李鴻章的長信,此人曾多次去江浙等養蠶區考察,發現導致中國蠶絲產業年年滑坡的根本原因,既不是洋人不買,更不是中國人不養,而是養蠶區開始蔓延的蠶瘟病。 
           
          可見,《慎節齋文存》有關洋人“相約一年不買絲”等說法,完全是無稽之談。洋人不僅年年在上海買絲,而且還抱怨能買到的蠶絲越來越少,所以,也就有了這封洋人寫給李鴻章的長信,希望中國整頓蠶桑事務,發展蠶桑業。 
           
          那么,胡雪巖在上海大量囤積生絲,究竟有沒有與洋人交惡,導致各洋行的洋人“恨甚”呢?筆者查閱了晚清報刊等史料,沒有發現這方面的直接資料,但也獲得了一些間接的材料: 
           
          據當時的《申報》報道,1883年11月,上海阜康雪記錢莊面臨資金鏈斷裂險情之時,胡雪巖將自己所囤積的15000包生絲分別賣給了怡和洋行(2000包)、天祥洋行(13000包)。 
           
          如果胡雪巖真的與洋行的洋人交惡,在這樣的節骨眼上,這些洋行的洋人會及時出手相助嗎?顯然是不可能的。 
          胡雪巖:紅頂商人、徽商代表人物胡雪巖是怎么破產的?
           
          關于胡雪巖賣出15000包生絲,究竟虧了多少錢? 
           
          洋人白爾辣在寫給李鴻章的信中已披露當時生絲的價格:“每包生絲通扯價(平均價)為320兩白銀”,那么15000包生絲的總價值則為480萬兩白銀。既然總價值只有480萬兩,又怎么會虧損600萬兩、800萬兩呢!因此,筆者認為:胡雪巖囤積生絲虧損150萬兩白銀的說法比較接近事實。 
           
          然而,一代巨紳胡雪巖僅僅因為虧損了150萬兩白銀,就走上了破敗之路?這樣的說法自然難以讓人置信。那么,當時究竟還發生了什么呢? 
           
          1883年10月19日《申報》報道說:去年(1882年)冬天,“本埠各大行棧倒閉紛紛,約計所耗之數,有數百萬之多。市面情形大為減色。”進入1883年,市面更蕭條,倒閉的商鋪更多,并牽連到放貸的錢莊。 
           
          長袖善舞的胡雪巖也陷入了黔驢技窮的困境。 

          胡雪巖:紅頂商人、徽商代表人物胡雪巖是怎么破產的?
           
          那么,究竟是什么原因導致銀根緊缺、商鋪倒閉的呢? 
           
          原來,當時中國興起了一股造鐵路、開煤礦、興輪船的熱潮,相關的股份公司紛紛建立。大量資金從錢莊、商號流向股市。更要命的是:許多人都把買賣股票當作了賺錢的正當生意,所以向錢莊貸款用于炒賣股票的現象也很普遍。 
           
          惡果隨之而來,《申報》說:從1882年開始,“買賣股份之旺,幾于舉國若狂,不及一年,而情弊顯露,股票萬千直如廢紙。”(見1884年1月23日《申報》)從錢莊、商號流出的大量資金就此在股市中蒸發。壞賬、呆賬由此而大量出現,經濟形勢就此惡化。 
           
          在這樣的大背景下,胡雪巖將一筆數額不小的資金用在了囤積物資(生絲)上,應該說還算是明智之舉。畢竟在面臨資金困難時,生絲還能夠及時變成現銀的。但是,胡雪巖錢莊的資金遠不止這囤積生絲的480萬兩白銀,更多的資金當時應該都放貸在外。當猛烈的金融風暴降臨后,這些放貸在外的大量資金往往就成了無法收回的壞賬、呆賬。一旦遭遇擠兌風潮,自然就難以招架。這應是胡雪巖破產的真正原因。
           
          【胡雪巖】紅頂商人胡雪巖簡介

          胡雪巖,中國近代著名紅頂商人、徽商代表人物,胡光墉(18231885),字雪巖,安徽績溪人,中國近代著名紅頂商人,富可敵國的晚清著名徽商,政治家;幼名順官,字雪巖。開辦胡慶馀堂中藥……

          上一篇:汪精衛:看汪精衛從一名志士如何走向叛國者之路

          下一篇:近代兩位東方美男子:汪精衛與周恩來不同的人生故事

          相關推薦
          尊彩彩票尊彩彩票平台尊彩彩票主页尊彩彩票网站尊彩彩票官网尊彩彩票娱乐尊彩彩票开户尊彩彩票注册尊彩彩票是真的吗尊彩彩票登入尊彩彩票快三尊彩彩票时时彩尊彩彩票手机app下载尊彩彩票开奖 www.80075q.com | www.49511a.com | www.1002476209.com | www.375375e.com | www.8124q.com | www.tc50.com | www.3421cc.com | www.78949f.com | www.4923y.com | www.tj92.com | www.54968f.com | www.3008q.com | www.335240.com | www.fu055.com | www.86267b.com | www.jing1222.com | www.lczg8.com | www.77904.com | www.39533c.com | www.50024z.com | www.4591230.com | www.066958.com | www.988068.com | www.cq801.com | www.77114n.com | www.jinshacc.com | www.c132.vip | www.506972.com | www.44117w.com | www.igcp7.com | www.500285.com | www.jing7779.com | www.w0066.com | www.602721.com | www.85770w.com | www.528qx.com | www.cp009.com | www.23111u.com | www.8667l.com | www.0245.com | www.2338060.com | www.ya838.com | www.703906.com | www.zbb111.com | www.00czj.com | www.596233.com | www.fhyl56.net | www.fcff2.com | www.915319.com | www.88850ii.com | www.ok95.com | www.196509.com | www.67877v.com | www.999.5562aa.com | www.26163l.com | www.050538.com | www.61999vv.com | www.65707j.com | www.111358.com | www.43436v.com | www.978786.com | www.77114t.com | www.4694p.com | www.rx044.com | www.9889hc.com | www.412228.com | www.baobo22.com | www.78221a.com | www.127918.com | www.hj9999.com | www.474o6.com | www.109ak.com | www.xcw866.com | www.yfc333.net | www.wxc943.com | www.c1456.com | www.guocai667.com | www.c75tt.vip | www.long563.com | www.533676.com | www.66332o.com | www.50884.com | www.96386w.com | www.1393cc.com | www.lehu585.com | www.8816aa.com | www.516113.com | www.3978d.com | www.long8317.com | www.77009h.com | www.3479y.com | www.309825.com | www.8096.cc | www.901366.com | www.9611tt.com | www.15355n.com | www.687198.com | www.11lasi.com | www.33880q.com | www.bei08.com | www.54400t.com | www.802865.com | www.222698.com | www.6199mm.com | www.7cpb.com | www.76520p.com | www.726703.com | www.153270.com | www.xxcp.com | www.qifa12.com | www.1593v.com | www.917gc.com | www.96386u.com | www.897060.com | www.450372.com | www.lehu598.com | www.pj108108.com | www.hr0888.com | www.52072j.com | www.99638a.com | www.828326.com | www.485868.com | www.vn888567.cc | www.33hh8332.com | www.658196.com | www.913gc.com | www.26878v.com | www.327526.com | www.891595.com | www.6h90.com | www.61166c.com | www.18838q.com | www.pa483.com | www.1593g.com | www.679by.com | www.26299d.com | www.191065.com | www.586960.com | www.64111.com | www.361888c.com | www.88850ee.com | www.99178j.com | www.15526244444.com | www.99jtd.com | www.54968g.com | www.73166k.com | www.78700f.com | www.178652.com | www.596709.com | www.yfc111.com | www.57155d.com | www.pj09060.com | www.7878q.com | www.98888kj.com | www.23699t.com | www.i2665.com | www.16181t.com | www.1389oo.com | www.qml5.com | www.qmkl0.com | www.9889hc.com | www.2373p.com | www.004ac.com | www.26878l.com | www.25688l.com | www.07500w.com | www.61233c.com | www.80075i.com | www.168323.com | www.199207.com | www.99788o.com | www.78949u.com | www.52303s.com | www.162090.com | www.162090.com | www.84499f.com | www.68689i.com | www.33112g.com | www.50788k.com | www.55228g.com | www.6364o.com | www.1035n.com | www.9356y.com | www.663by.com | www.v0844.com | www.15077320442.com | www.3843808.com | www.99997yh.com | www.151037.com | www.904200.com | www.xpj87888.com | www.78800f.com | www.xpj48.com | www.hg20207.com | www.70867.com | www.665993.com | www.202115.com | www.66332x.com | www.234892.com | www.34788d.com | www.21202b.com | www.sygj7.com | www.37377q.com | www.h88825.com | www.99840h.com | www.6895860.com | www.hjc1125.com | www.097779d.com | www.luck887.com | www.444216.com | www.99638c.com | www.9889hc.com | www.2287p.com | www.f005f.com | www.dzj0770.com | www.wlc16.com | www.yfcp938.com | www.556623.com | www.682542.com | www.77802n.com | www.36787j.com | www.696by.com | www.p888p888.com | www.88119.com | www.xhtd.net | www.hcw332.com | www.50074d.com | www.809991.com | www.9611rr.com | www.zdj32.com | www.1240e.com | www.598411.com | www.77114l.com | www.sky801.com | www.hg345h.com | www.88850w18.com | www.hy95555.com | www.xinyc3.com | www.66652d.com | www.4289p.com | www.long096.com | www.g10611.com | www.107.cc | www.397836.com | www.6364w.com | www.17723290928.com | www.041234c.com | www.ag.3036655.com | www.547577.com | www.18690a.com | www.hx6666.com | www.j7732.com | www.2041vv.com | www.550436.com | www.51331.com | www.f060f.com | www.8422999.com | www.9997705.com | www.586113.com | www.6769b.com | www.323310.com | www.3018jjj.com | www.631257.com | www.51331f.com | www.caipiao33u.com | www.6939v.com | www.59400.com | www.50052g.com | www.888092l.com | www.wp9898.com | www.20333.com | www.281380.com | www.178012.com | www.98xpjam.com | www.42265.com | www.15355r.com | www.1123qq.com | www.zdj39.com | www.956458.com | www.cll168.com | www.55676i.com | www.833099.com | www.278207.com | www.sxyl6.com | www.75505r.com | www.936399.com | www.8499s.com | www.222lbj.com | www.27363r.com | www.335248.com | www.sb688.me | www.98777n.com | www.298396.com | www.js11888.net | www.65609y.com | www.630367.com | www.hx1177.com | www.pj2938.com | www.599894.com | www.656456.com | www.4022bb.com | www.759585.com | www.c5987.com | www.abdwc02.com | www.403189.com | www.wns123g.com | www.0007j.com | www.330175.com | www.143570.com | www.0241eee.com | www.50052a.com | www.lele567.com | www.26278b.com | www.50051p.com | www.39695v.com | www.599842.com | www.958773.com | www.2371p.com | www.77802p.com | www.lehu3666.com | www.809215.com | www.8658811.com | www.30008418.com | www.51515c.com | www.lehu9666.com | www.864155.com | www.c1663.com | www.hg9665.vip | www.86267r.com | www.hx76.com | www.511622.com | www.143545.com | www.81ms312266mm.com | www.11gpc.com | www.63290b.com | www.33598v.com | www.fc-vip2.com | www.4288.com | www.4289m.com | www.429999c.com | www.coz5.com | www.36770e.com | www.23636f.com | www.l52266.com | www.305995.com | www.lehu1988.com | www.397730.com | www.379746.com | www.0072337.com | www.3890t.com | www.1497.com | www.8667q.com | www.hh00558.com | www.0377555.com | www.yh0797.com | www.309877.com | www.q3330.com | www.565378.com | www.15812u.com | www.743533.com | www.ay149.com | www.808793.com | www.pj21887.com | www.011888a.com | www.77224o.com | www.746133.com | www.h88821.com | www.359215.com | www.1227p.com | www.330637.com | www.fu099.com | www.66332p.com | www.8850w17.com | www.34788w.com | www.4932k.com | www.5522u.cc | www.zycpw7.com | www.ff2355.com | www.www-171999.com | www.1123nn.com | www.758500.com | www.cq205.com | www.068639.com | www.99830l.com | www.80065k.com | www.9411rr.cc | www.6364g.com | www.qqcaipiao.com | www.11ee402.com | www.365367.com | www.dzj388.com | www.178211.com | www.8850w14.com | www.61655c.com | www.9911bygj.com | www.9081qq.com | www.762933.com | www.tyc5183.com | www.055973.com | www.1007m.com | www.7782g.com | www.90101b.com | www.feicai0316.com | www.324677.com | www.626f.com | www.ac9922.com | www.853548.com | www.140606.com | www.80065p.com | www.33336v.com | www.7860ww.com | www.500713.com | www.017668.com | www.3552h.com | www.0584.com | www.yyc955.com | www.52001.cc | www.168577.com | www.hg156.email | www.81233g.com | www.375375j.com | www.hj9063.com | www.73736f.com | www.134588.com | www.e678992.com | www.3001397.com | www.35655l.com | www.111307.com | www.448038.com | www.638809.com | www.123fh9.com | www.qm72.com | www.308388.com | www.99929b.com | www.4065w.com | www.66332u.com | www.35655p.com | www.222333yh.com | www.05881.cc | www.707519.com | www.8850w17.com | www.dhy5353.com | www.83993n.com | www.xyh7003.com | www.lfa621.com | www.500go.com | www.647377.com | www.3868133.com | www.66999c.com | www.196079.com | www.361888k.com | www.long262.com | www.99cmc.com | www.501324.com | www.8473h.com | www.631503.com | www.fo03.com | www.606370.com | www.24201122.com | www.long8385.com | www.630699.com | www.082707.com | www.2349066.com | www.l88790.com | www.v22007.com | www.77802z.com | www.5368183.com | www.6868890.cc | www.225075.com | www.xxxx9014.com | www.960923.com | www.jinshavip111.com | www.12455r.com | www.tm6655.com | www.qucp4.com | www.456877.com | www.596667.com | www.ylg881166.com | www.8113.cc | www.87118.com | www.649770.com | www.984jc.com | www.l33gg.com | www.815266.com | www.25288w.com | www.0042337.com | www.26878p.com | www.83335u.com | www.5593a.com | www.862422.com | www.38200g.com | www.346177.com | www.50080y.com | www.9611pp.com | www.618477.com | www.914109.com | www.59677z.com | www.43818n.com | www.lehu6088.com | www.luck887.com | www.196203.com | www.yh328.com | www.80078l.com | www.3480022.com | www.csgc4.com | www.33598o.com | www.wcp666888.com | www.c46.cc | www.4599888.com | www.88850w19.com | www.ts3766.com | www.4048t.com | www.126xc.com | www.66332s.com | www.196052.com | www.730678.com | www.669678.com | www.036-z.com | www.pp00558.com | www.24555.co | www.22557ht.com | www.18728732236.com | www.cp8002.cc | www.62118b.com | www.286276.com | www.649770.com | www.534ms3122v.com | www.33gg8332.com | www.00880d.com | www.lj3268.com | www.tyccp48.com | www.15110.com | www.jinsha738.com | www.5180345.com | www.138761.com | www.956321.com | www.827021.com | www.15906820942.com | www.361gc.com | www.444237.com | www.672166.com | www.979631.com | www.hg56.com | www.9118.cc | www.86087i.com | www.7508x.com | www.a37377.cc | www.zdj577.com | www.hibet999.com | www.8816897.com | www.3678www.com | www.33773b.com | www.lehu5688.com | www.qile94.com | www.23699f.com | www.lehu5688.com | www.38345z.com | www.long8.im | www.12741s.com | www.w92222.com | www.ur668.com | www.pj88126.com | www.pj00002222.com | www.pj567567.com | www.88850ww.com | www.bb888866.com | www.ma666.vip | www.08399a.com | www.15276633.com | www.5049a.com | www.55814.com | www.788807.com | www.612998.com | www.luck887.com | www.csw288.com | www.hcw266.com | www.534680.com | www.355243.com | www.81520q.com | www.80075o.com | www.307281.com | www.81520v.com | www.81233j.com | www.9437.cc | www.ck3578.com | www.13687727391.com | www.c300.biz | www.833233e.com | www.x9016.com | www.23111a.com | www.7894y.com | www.998hghg.com | www.7012777.com | www.7498.com | www.500285.com | www.507933.com | www.43131d.com | www.61233pp.com | www.hj0555.com | www.hg972018.com | www.kb8812.com | www.9799ee.com | www.qpby400.com | www.cp88780.com | www.50053.com | www.210793.com | www.29277u.com | www.57pk.cc | www.15320857788.com | www.kj970.cc | www.041234c.com | www.x44400.com | www.68666.com | www.yw373.com | www.98528f.com | www.77802b.com | www.sytg6.com | www.8902q.com | www.sss76138.com | www.ks3377.com | www.z9ff.com | www.195090.com | www.39500h.com | www.c80850.com | www.678js555.com | www.65188q.com | www.jscp.com | www.196902.com | www.33112c.com | www.caipiao33f.com | www.885599q.com | www.long8663.com | www.380000.com | www.334485b.com | www.375963.com | www.26299r.com | www.1593m.com | www.lehu7188.com | www.28891x.com | www.930557.com | www.41518y.com | www.266ak.com | www.yeer402111.com | www.89777i.com | www.391641.com | www.324246.com | www.61233y.com | www.13643620199.com | www.33880s.com | www.baobo88.com | www.840689.com | www.58870t.com | www.df8tt.com | www.680044.com | www.93700.com | www.bxcp3.com | www.gy11.com | www.083533.com | www.93ms3122u.com | www.137651.com | www.588yc.com | www.l33ff.com | www.v0018.com | www.594883.com | www.2875z.com | www.h88869.com | www.37570c.com | www.483864.com | www.588yc.com | www.888877h.com | www.kv6888.com | www.50054x.com | www.0096uu.com | www.399659.com | www.753956.com | www.084wy.com | www.yyc955.com | www.8649922.com | www.80767x.com | www.0034k.com | www.yblj6088.com | www.901527.com | www.29178g.com | www.zb68.cc | www.c9220.com | www.954321p.com | www.98777p.com | www.244949.com | www.8mcp.com | www.hg01500.com | www.998484.com | www.2688cai.com | www.198336.com | www.zi333.com | www.50052w.com | www.565522a.com | www.040967.com | www.66376r.com | www.dzj0770.com | www.hy9898.com | www.43131t.com | www.csj5866.com | www.88357.com | www.50052h.com | www.longdu168.vip | www.73055a.cc | www.41518f.com | www.hqcp01.com | www.5814727.com | www.08588r.com | www.lehu934.com | www.0764422.com | www.49956k.com | www.tyccp83.com | www.411448.com | www.3479y.com | www.8847a.com | www.59234.com | www.5095d.com | www.8388yd.com | www.369477.com | www.35955cc.com | www.sjg004.com | www.179223.com | www.61779.app | www.288995.com | www.193161.com | www.0686u.com | www.3379ee.com | www.78700n.com | www.22557u.com | www.996963.com | www.98011c.com | www.5173999.com | www.33112q.com | www.7345h.com | www.193987.com | www.49956d.com | www.yh7333.com | www.809215.com | www.asyangliang.com | www.33997j.com | www.544095.com | www.883399p.com | www.918681.com | www.64877v.com | www.978261.com | www.9422w.com | www.976927.com | www.5301998.com | www.768299.com | www.3843208.com | www.799849.com | www.c788666.com | www.665772.com | www.h88861.com | www.401274.com | www.long8535.com | www.128368.com | www.87118a.com | www.50051p.com | www.yonghui0.com | www.80075g.com | www.1869p.com | www.2394.com | www.554ms3122u.com | www.v22008.com | www.4849.com | www.dzj151.com | www.452816.com | www.888877c.com | www.51331f.com | www.00880s.com | www.2632z.com | www.lyc111.com | www.0681k.com | www.813230.com | www.44cp163.com | www.88266w.com | www.88850w37.com | www.7793j.com | www.xhtd.net | www.pya1314888.com | www.706515.com | www.463suncity.com | www.61655g.com | www.50bbb.net | www.gczj9.com | www.17788.com | www.33880d.com | www.66653m.com | www.y95222.com | www.dhy1611.com | www.890723.com | www.qifa14.com | www.91233r.com | www.5559045.com | www.18835513277.com | www.535267.com | www.1119ylg.com | www.8039r.com | www.826789.com | www.zbdl55.com | www.66652g.com | www.cr7886.com | www.9900636.com | www.7239.com | www.wt803.com | www.66376n.com | www.7384www.com | www.076xpj.com | www.66376j.com | www.808833.com | www.j91008.com | www.99677x.com | www.g7886.com | www.a1056680900.com | www.210755.com | www.csj515.com | www.1487555.com | www.230278.com | www.63290y.com | www.6669411.com | www.325826.com | www.79889v.com | www.1138d.net | www.106265.com | www.7hjdc.com | www.4237yy.com | www.35918w.com | www.935008.com | www.7454ff.com | www.75850.cc | www.143567a.com | www.170231.com | www.df79.com | www.450689.com | www.y91222.com | www.9199002.com | www.35918e.com | www.689948.com | www.tyccp36.com | www.070wy.com | www.560671.com | www.0148890.com | www.77009a.com | www.88266p.com | www.008.com | www.ha86.net | www.wns123a.com | www.80767q.com | www.7880.com | www.1484gg.com | www.hj7776.com | www.193723.com | www.5855.com | www.9646l.com | www.cf9906.com | www.033708.com | www.77316.com | www.0755qq.com | www.98345bb.com | www.50788i.com | www.wm888.com | www.8364003.com | www.9199005.com | www.50024n.com | www.665773.com | www.77288l.com | www.69589e.com | www.3qxc.com | www.99677i.com | www.679.com | www.e57365.net | www.16789f.com | www.0014v.com | www.235187.com | www.9830ww.com | www.635602.com | www.c5836.com | www.60123q.com | www.tk9494.com | www.73055l.com | www.7454ff.com | www.xhtd999l.com | www.32123v.com | www.789733.com | www.12765.com | www.8936666.com | www.1600504760.com | www.8816z.com | www.330715.com | www.6615.com | www.2299bygj.com | www.qifa510.com | www.pj16vip.com | www.50064d.com | www.hcw823.com | www.www.85886.la | www.063262.com | www.23699e.com | www.yclucl123456.com | www.3416a.com | www.77803t.com | www.csw288.com | www.82ms3122v.com | www.j15.com | www.long259.com | www.rfdc06.com | www.083wy.com | www.43131i.com | www.530995.com | www.70435.com | www.86087n.com | www.22572255.com | www.8823d.com | www.62770033.com | www.600hc.com | www.07163c.com | www.230278.com | www.901381.com | www.75000.com | www.ww.48809.com | www.888xxcp.com | www.js06vip8.com | www.hd8988.com | www.ct8800.com | www.9149g.com | www.35918m.com | www.217630.com | www.695756.com | www.ok3332.com | www.zycpw5.com | www.98777p.com | www.zdj59.com | www.yh1030.com | www.1516qq.cc | www.36161003.com | www.847535.com | www.659zf.com | www.50026d.com | www.50989k.com | www.178352.com | www.550241.com | www.881803.com | www.166555d.com | www.8970.com | www.1144077.com | www.01924.com | www.rr2229.com | www.65858s.com | www.38135v.com | www.863suncity.com | www.69589g.com | www.78771b.com | www.xpj70091.com | www.1123ll.com | www.bb5501.com | www.aa0090.com | www.23040.com | www.500pt.com | www.750966.com | www.36788r.com | www.99099hh.com | www.66332s.com | www.77210g.com | www.81678a.com | www.146656.com | www.587344.com | www.574577.com | www.560161.com | www.544096.com | www.501274.com | www.475711.com | www.369061.com | www.303483.com | www.191761.com | www.060899.com | www.91233m.com | www.81520d.com | www.53900k.com | www.26163d.com | www.68568k.com | www.26878f.com | www.9889hc.com | www.361gc.com | www.hx1199.com | www.dam666.com | www.jinsha692.com | www.7701885.com | www.8547o.com | www.hj3330.com | www.8366444.com | www.8936666.com | www.bb888866.com | www.093939.com | www.6235ii.com | www.hg2020a.com | www.418114.com | www.958351.com | www.580896.com | www.177584.com | www.50026f.com | www.32123f.com | www.77clf.com | www.3003346.com | www.17671609880.com | www.223344yh.com | www.6199o.com | www.55755e.com | www.9830cc.com | www.92223.com | www.778811aa.com | www.591032.com | www.89894g.com | www.60108l.com | www.07hc.com | www.ss75188.com | www.hg2808.cz | www.911000k.com | www.cpzj24.com | www.0764455.com | www.900248.com | www.210255.com | www.80075q.com | www.09czj.com | www.18881865690.com | www.lebet568.com | www.0289r.com | www.35655k.com | www.334485c.com | www.yc7701.com | www.26878z.com | www.76wcp.com | www.3178r.com | www.pjcp789.com | www.d36531.com | www.08199.com | www.599649.com | www.50052h.com | www.07hc.com | www.8706009.com | www.80078n.com | www.34002a.com | www.933709.com | www.86267n.com | www.091wy.com | www.38200g.com | www.366998.com | www.4599888.com | www.902271.com | www.68568l.com | www.23hf.com | www.939017.com | www.88899ww.com | www.767776.com | www.357607.com | www.58688.cc | www.ssd1177.com | www.c33958.com | www.91055y.com | www.608986.com | www.60007w.com | www.7726n.com | www.686228.com | www.65757b.com | www.xinyc8.com | www.12455r.com | www.jsc586.com | www.8688yd.com | www.www-00049.com | www.188737.com | www.89wcp.com | www.hg345o.com | www.6225.cc | www.58898.com | www.186972.com | www.084wy.com | www.517652.com | www.2371u.com |